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The Evolution of CPR: A Look at the History of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Updated: Jun 5



Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, is a life-saving technique that has evolved over the past century. The history of CPR is a story of innovation and dedication to saving lives, and it's important for professionals in various fields, such as healthcare, first response, and fitness, to understand how the technique has evolved.


The origins of CPR can be traced back to the 18th century when a French physician named Jean-Baptiste Denys performed the first recorded instance of mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. However, it wasn't until the 20th century that CPR began to be widely used.


In the 1950s, Dr. Peter Safar and Dr. James Elam developed the technique of "closed-chest cardiac massage," which involved pressing on the chest to compress the heart and circulate blood. This method was later adopted by the American Heart Association (AHA) as the standard method of CPR.


In the 1960s, the AHA also introduced the use of mouth-to-mouth ventilation in conjunction with chest compressions, which is the technique we know today as CPR.


In the following decades, the AHA continued to update and refine the guidelines for CPR, including the introduction of the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) to restore normal heart rhythm in cases of cardiac arrest.


In-person CPR training classes provide hands-on instruction and practical application of the latest CPR techniques, ensuring that participants are prepared for any emergency situation that may arise. At FITCORE, we offer classes that are comprehensive, hands-on, and personalized. Our instructors are certified and experienced in teaching CPR, AED, and first aid. We invite you to sign up for one of our classes and experience the benefits of in-person training for yourself. Don't wait, sign up today and take the first step to become a more confident and prepared professional.

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